Although decades of research have shown that all parents need time off to care for their child — and to care for themselves — one in four American women returns to work less than two weeks after having a baby. Morris. Be prepared for your request to be refused. If you earn less than $30,000 annually, it costs 16 percent of your salary to replace you. There are 40 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. That can be especially true in the U.S., where paid parental leave is rare. Nonetheless, our understanding of the importance of time off for new parents has evolved from decades of research. “Talk to employees who have been through it before, bring it up with Offer a certificate from your doctor or midwife that will verify that you are pregnant and specify the anticipated due date. “Note if your boss said ‘Joe had surgery and needed time off — but we can’t do that for you.’ Write down anything that can be considered ‘discriminatory intent,’ ” she said. At which month should I apply for maternity leave? You will be changing diapers, doing laundry, cooking meals, cleaning, rocking, burping and possibly bottle feeding. If you are eligible for family medical leave or state leave, you don’t have to take it all at once, said Jessica Stender, senior counsel for workplace justice and public policy at Equal Rights Advocates. wikiHow is a “wiki,” similar to Wikipedia, which means that many of our articles are co-written by multiple authors. “In a collaborative process, the solution works for everyone,” Williamson said. State and local laws may provide additional benefits. As development director, she realized her leave would conflict with a major fundraising event. “I couldn’t afford to lose my job,” she said. Married or unmarried workers in a same-sex relationship are eligible if the child is biological, adopted, a foster child, a stepchild or a legal ward. But, he warns, if your state does not have L.G.B.T. Remind your employer that 25 percent of women say parental leave considerations weigh heavily in taking a job. Diane Mehta has written about parenting, books and culture, and is the author of a poetry collection, “Forest with Castanets.” She has a 15-year-old son. However, be aware that someone working in human resources may be less flexible on company-wide policies. although her doctor had asked for accommodations, she received none, she For this guide, I consulted researchers, sociologists, women’s rights advocates, an economist and attorneys to find out how hourly workers can understand and exercise their rights to parental leave. These concessions made pregnancy while waiting tables more tolerable, she said. How does it work? Ideally, you could focus solely on your new family and skip regular check-ins. I am working in this profession from last 5 years, if you have any query regarding this please contact me. Building these relationships before departing and strengthening them when you return may help alleviate anxiety when transitioning to and from parental leave.