Of these federal subjects, four have an ethnic Russian majority (Altai, Evenk, Ust-Orda and Nenets). Please consider making a donation to The Moscow Times to help us continue covering this historic time in the world’s largest country. [37] More recent studies have confirmed these findings. [56] These elevated fertility rates did not lead to population growth due to the casualties of the Russian Revolution, the two world wars and political killings. Only 3 million or less than half of all the immigrants are legal. While they have found out that a decrease in potential mothers led to a decrease in births and a rapid rise in fertility. In 2009, 8 of Russia's federal subjects had a TFR above 2.1 children per woman (the approximate minimum required to ensure population replacement), These federal subjects are Chechnya (3.38), Tuva (2.81), Ust-Orda Buryat Okrug (2.73), Agin-Buryat Okrug (2.63), Komi-Permyak (2.16), Evenk Okrug (2.58), Altai Republic (2.36), Nenets Autonomous Okrug (2.1). Женщины Наиболее Многочисленных Национальностей По Возрастным Группам И Числу Рожденных Детей По Субъектам Российской Федерации", "7. Russian Orthodox 15–20%, Muslim 10–15%, other Christian 2% (2006 est.) The causes for this sharp increase in mortality are widely debated. In fertility rates, 2.1 and above is a stable population and has been marked blue, 2 and below leads to an aging population and the result is that the population decreases. The Trading Economics Application Programming Interface (API) provides direct access to our data. [35] A 2008 study produced very similar results. In 2018, the number of births kept falling, but at much slower pace. The disparity in the average lifespan between genders in Russia is the largest in the world. However, the number of deaths didn't decline by as much as it did the previous year because whilst life expectancy improved, the population aged leading to a higher mortality rate. Том 1", "Total Fertility Rate around the world over the last centuries", Migrant resettlement in the Russian federation: reconstructing 'homes' and 'homelands', "Национальный состав населения по субъектам Российской Федерации", "World Urbanization Prospects – Population Division – United Nations", Russia sees first population increase in 15 years, "Russian population rises by 292,400 in 2012 – Rosstat. For example, Zabaykalsky Krai had a TFR of 1.82, which is higher than the national average, but less than the 2.1 needed for population replacement.[74]. страница 38, "Каталог публикаций::Федеральная служба государственной статистики", https://rosstat.gov.ru/storage/mediabank/Dem_ejegod-2019.pdf, https://www.gks.ru/storage/mediabank/Popul2020.xls, https://www.gks.ru/storage/mediabank/EDN(1).xlsx, Age structure of the Russian population as of 1 January 2009, Russian Birth Rate above Regional Average, "According To The Latest Data Russia's Demography Is Still In Sharp Decline", "ЕСТЕСТВЕННОЕ ДВИЖЕНИЕ НАСЕЛЕНИЯ В РАЗРЕЗЕ СУБЪЕКТОВ РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ за январь-июнь 2020 года", "Life expectancy of the Russian Federation since 1950", "Ожидаемая продолжительность жизни при рождении", "Ожидаемая продолжительность жизни россиян выросла на 3,7 года в 2011г – Голикова", "Global status report on alcohol and health", Yeltsin: healthier than the average Russian: Poverty, pollution and drink has slashed life expectancy, writes Phil Reeves, "World Development Indicators – DataBank", "National Human Development Report: Russian Federation 2008: Russia Facing Demographic Challenges", National Human Development Report Russian Federation 2008, https://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/perepis2010/croc/perepis_itogi1612.htm, "Владивосток: В России стало больше русских", "Перепись-2010: русских становится больше", "СОСТАВ ГРУППЫ НАСЕЛЕНИЯ "ЛИЦА, УКАЗАВШИЕ ДРУГИЕ ОТВЕТЫ О НАЦИОНАЛЬНОЙ ПРИНАДЛЕЖНОСТИ" ПО СУБЪЕКТАМ РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ, Central Asia: Labor Migrants Face Abuse, Xenophobia, "Central Asian Migrants in Russia: A Heated Debate", "Mapped: Which country has the most immigrants? Further in the future, it is expected that the population will continue to decline slowly, getting down to 140 million by 2030, and 136 million by 2040. The assimilation is reflected in the high median age of these peoples (see the table below), as assimilation is stronger among young people than among old people. 2007 marked the highest growth in birth rates that the country had seen in 25 years, and 2009 marked the highest total birth rate since 1991.[31]. Mais depuis 2018, le vieillissement s’accélère et la population baisse à nouveau lentement. [citation needed], In 2006, in a bid to compensate for the country's demographic decline, the Russian government started simplifying immigration laws and launched a state program "for providing assistance to voluntary immigration of ethnic Russians from former Soviet republics". While migrant inflows had offset its natural population decline in previous years, in 2018, Russia’s total population. Burlington Free Press, 26 June 2009, page 2A, "Study blames alcohol for half Russian deaths"; see also Khaltourina, D. A., & Korotayev, A. V. E.Andreev, L.Darski, T. Kharkova "Histoire démographique de la Russie. June 18, 2019 Pixabay Russia’s population could decrease by half by the end of this century, a new United Nations demographic report has said. In: Pridemore, W.A. We wouldn’t be able to produce this crucial journalism without the support of our loyal readers. There is a significant inflow of ethnic Armenians, Uzbeks, Kyrgyz and Tajiks into big Russian cities, something that is viewed unfavorably by some citizens. Population Research and Policy Review, 2000, 19: 397–419. 65 years and over: 0.46 male(s)/female 113–131. [98] In addition, there are an estimated 4 million illegal immigrants from the ex-Soviet states in Russia. [118], The Russian workforce is undergoing tremendous changes. 1960-2019 Data | 2020-2022 Forecast | Historical | Chart | News.  India: 4,500 Russian is the common official language throughout Russia understood by 99% of its current inhabitants and widespread in many adjacent areas of Asia and Eastern Europe. This article is about demographics. The full Russian census results were released in sections throughout 2011 and 2012; these can be viewed at the official Russian Census website (in the Russian language). [60], In the 1980s only 8% to 10% of married Russian women of reproductive age used hormonal and intrauterine contraception methods, compared to 20% to 40% in other developed countries. The increase in negative attitudes toward migrants comes amid rising worries over poverty, experts said. [76], Until 2010, the Russian republic of Chechnya was the region with the highest birth rate in the former USSR (excluding Central Asia). From the early 1990s to 2006, the number of expected abortions per woman during her lifetime fell by nearly 2.5 times, from 3.4 to 1.2. Trading Economics members can view, download and compare data from nearly 200 countries, including more than 20 million economic indicators, exchange rates, government bond yields, stock indexes and commodity prices. [citation needed], The following table shows the variation in median age and fertility rates according to 2002 census.[106]. Après 20 ans de baisse, la population de la Russie a augmentée à nouveau à partir de 2011, repassant au-dessus de 146 millions d’habitants en 2016. Our exclusives and on-the-ground reporting are being read and shared by many high-profile journalists. In 1970, the Soviet Union had the third largest population of Jews in the world, (2,183,000 of whom 808,000 with residence in Russia), following only that of the United States and Israel. During this time, Russia experienced low birth rates and abnormally high death rates. The ethnic divisions used here are those of the official census, and may in some respects be controversial. Russia also has one of the oldest populations in the world with an average age of 40.3 years. Meanwhile, Russian authorities have said that they expect Russia’s population to resume natural growth in 2023-2024. Hence, the population of Moscow in 2019 is expected to be 12.36 Million + 0.052 Million = 12.412 Million. The authors also claimed the Lancet's study is flawed because it used the 1985 death rate as the base, while that was in fact the very maximum of the effect of the anti-alcohol campaign. The graphic also demonstrates that Russia is a fairly ethnically diverse country. [45] Introduced in April 2014 new citizenship rules[46] allowing citizens of former Soviet countries to obtain Russian citizenship If they meet certain criteria (e.g. The population of Moscow in the year 2019 can be known after checking the population from the previous 5 years. [100] According to the Armenian government, between 80,000 and 120,000 Armenians travel to Russia every year to do seasonal work, returning home for the winter. Elle possède également des frontières maritimes très proches de celles du Japon (Kouriles) et des États-Unis (Alaska) dans l’océan Pacifique. preferred language, ethnicity) have gained strong interest among Russian-speaking residents of those countries (i.e. [25][26] In 2018, the UN claimed that Russia's population could fall to 132 million by 2050. Russia’s natural population decline will set an 11-year record this year as the country’s demographic crisis shows no signs of letting up, the RBC news website reported Friday. Compared to the G7 countries, in 2015, Russian TFR of 1.78 children/ woman[78] was lower than that of France (1.93), the USA (1.84), the UK (1.82). [99] In 2015, Ukraine–Russia was the world's largest migration corridor after Mexico–USA. Time will tell if Russia is able to overcome its issues and see greater growth, as otherwise it will be prone to collapsing infrastructure with its massive land area and untapped natural resources.  Vietnam: 11,100 David Stuckler, Lawrence King, and Martin McKee propose mass privatization and the neo-liberalist shock therapy policies of Yeltsin administration as key reasons of falling life expectancy of Russian men. Russia is a highly urbanized country, with 74.2% of the total population (2017) living in urban areas. Russia’s overall population totaled 146.7 million in January-September 2019, the State Statistics Service Rosstat said in a report last week. [73] The only federal subject of Russia to see a decline in fertility since 1999 is Ingushetia, where the TFR fell from 2.443 to 2.278 in 2014. Other languages are also used in their respective republics, for instance Tatar, and Yakut. The Russian state religion is Orthodox Christianity. Looking back, in the year of 1960, Russia had a population of 119.9 million people. Sources: Our World In Data and Gapminder Foundation.[56]. Economic uncertainty was a major factor in this, persuading people against having children. Also, each year the population increases by 0.052 Million as per aggregate. Russia has one of the lowest fertility rates in the world of 1.58 births per woman, which is also below the replacement rate of 2.1 births per woman. [80], Data from Federal State Statistics Service in November 2020 showed:[81], Further information: List of federal subjects of Russia by life expectancy, total population: 72.5 years[citation needed] ), Russian statistical organizations classify the immigrants based on their ethnicity, although there is an information gap between 2007 and 2013, In 2007, the net immigration was 190,397 (plus another 49,546 for which ethnicity was unknown). [42] In April 2011 the Russian Prime Minister (Russian president as of 2012) Vladimir Putin pledged to spend the 1.5 trillion rubles (£32.5 billion or $54 billion) on various measures to boost Russia's declining birthrate by 30 per cent in the next four years.